Is Mercury a Moon?

Mercury

Mercury

Our Moon

Our Moon

Not just any moon, but is Mercury a moon from the 3rd orbit (like ours)
that migrated to the 1st orbit?

The movement of the moon from the 3rd orbit to the 1st orbit is part of a ‘migratory’ explanation to the formation of Solar System and the evolution of life – described in the previous post: “Step 3b: The Sacred Path of Planetary Migration – Evolution Realised“. And of course explained so beautifully in the book: Earth Mother Our Womb of Life.

I want to look at different parts of the proposal. In the post “Did Life Begin in the Icy Orbit of Pluto?” I examined what the title says – did life begin out near Pluto? – the first stop on our journey of evolution. I found that scientists support the idea that life began and evolved in very cold conditions, that do not exist presently on Earth. I found that paleontologists and evolutionary scientists believe the Earth was once a ‘snowball’ and have collected evidence in support of the theory. I also discovered that Pluto is not:  

“just an over sized snowball, but a dramatically dynamic world.” ~ Marc Buie, astronomer Southwest Research Institute

As Alan Stern, principal investigator of the New Horizons (the unmanned Pluto-Kuiper Belt probe) said:

“No one predicted river valleys on Mars, or volcanoes on the Galilean satellites, or that Mercury was mostly a core and little else. It’s entirely likely that Pluto will be something so surprising that everything we’ve done so far looks quaint in comparison.”

In this post I want to skip to the end of the proposed evolutionary journey and explore Mercury.

The video above, from NASA, shows Mercury’s south polar region.  Mercury not only looks like our moon, but also shares more similarities with our moon than any of the planets in our Solar System, including:

  • Mercury has no atmosphere, neither does our moon.
  • Mercury is heavily scarred with craters and lava mares, like our moon.
  • Mercury and the moon are of similar size – less the half the size of the Earth.
  • Mercury is highly rich in iron (in fact the most iron-rich of all the planets by a large margin), as is our moon.

The video below is from the Science Chanel – it explains the closeness of Mercury and our moon.

Mercury is very dense. As Alan Stern says above: “Mercury [is] mostly a core and little else.” Mercury’s density cannot be explained by slow-and-gradual-development models. So the preferred scientific explanation is that billions of years ago, a large object crashed into Mercury, stripping away its lesser-dense material, leaving behind the high-density planet seen today. In other words – leaving behind the Core of the planet. This agrees with the explanation in the “Sacred Path of Migration” which says that Mercury was once a planetary Core. The difference between the two is that in the Sacred Path of Migration says Mercury’s host planet ejected its Core – rather than having it ripped out.

Diagram of the interior structure of Mercury. The metallic core comprises most of the planet’s interior. Credit: Nicolle Rager Fuller, National Science Foundation

Diagram of the interior structure of Mercury. The metallic core comprises most of the planet’s interior. Credit: Nicolle Rager Fuller, National Science Foundation

Another similarity between Mercury and our moon is that both are magnetised. Other planetary bodies in our Solar System are magnetised, but no one expected Mercury or the moon to be. Quoting from the Astronomy Notes of astronomy professor Nick Strobel from Bakersfield College, California:

Mercury is a bit surprising because it has a weak magnetic field. Mercury is the smallest of the terrestrial planets, so its interior should have cooled off long ago. Also, Mercury spins slowly—once every 58.8 days. Mercury’s high density tells us that it has a proportionally large iron-nickel core. 

Mercury’s situation was a major challenge to the magnetic dynamo theory. In true scientific fashion, the theory made a testable prediction: Mercury should have no magnetic field or one even less than Mars’ one because its core should be solid. Observation, the final judge of scientific truth, contradicted the prediction. Should we have thrown out the magnetic dynamo theory then? Astronomers were reluctant to totally disregard the theory because of its success in explaining the situation on the other planets and the lack of any other plausible theory.

So most take a more conservative route: either modifying the magnetic dynamo theory or investigating Mercury more closely to find out what is so unusual about its interior to produce a magnetic field despite our expectations. Is their reluctance a violation of the objectivity required in science? Perhaps, but past experience has taught that when confronted with such a contradiction, nature is telling you that you forgot to take something into account or you overlooked a crucial process. The MESSENGER mission confirmed the existence of Mercury’s liquid core through careful tracking of the spacecraft’s motion in Mercury’s gravity field. The Mercury spin data and gravity field measurements have solved part of the problem (part of the core is molten), but how has the core remained molten and convecting (even partially) despite Mercury’s small size?

I’ve highlighted part of the quote above because the professor makes a valuable point: there is no other viable theory currently available in science. The data does not always agree with the theory, but we keep it because there is nothing else on offer. And here the professor makes a most salient statement “Nature is telling you that you overlooked a crucial process.” I think the process being overlooked is that our Solar System acts as one integrated system – in the same way that our Earth acts as one system – the planets and moons fit together like the gears of a clock, working together in one process, one over arching procedure. It may be easier (and more successful) to explain the properties and behaviour of the individual components (the planets and moons) if we look at the Solar System as a whole.

Perhaps it is time to consider the possibility and viability of a new theory – a theory which not only explains the conditions of Mercury, but all of the planets and moons in our Solar System. This explanation says that Mercury (like our moon) was once was an iron-nickel core of a planet, spinning in the opposite direction to the mantle creating a dynamo, an engine – convecting large amounts of heat, energy and magnetism. This explains both why Mercury’s interior has such a high iron-nickel content and the planet’s magnetism – it is a left-over feature from its previous employment.

Recently the moon has also been discovered to contain the magnetism of a spent dynamo – and scientists don’t know why. The article from the Daily Galaxy below entitled “The Moon Once Harbored a Dynamic Molten Core” examines the unexpected magnetism of the moon, discovered by scientists at MIT. I examine the article in an earlier post: “A Core Becomes a Moon“.

To learn more about this explanation start with the post “Evolution in 4 Easy Steps” or download the book in the top right corner of this blog: Earth Mother Our Womb of Life.

"The moon once harbored a dynamic molten core", say researchers at MIT.

“The moon once harbored a dynamic molten core”, say researchers at MIT.

Step 3b: The Sacred Path of Planetary Migration – Evolution Realised

Evolution in 4 Easy Steps describes the formation of our Solar System, the planets and the evolution of life as a cyclical, purposeful system in Nature:

  • Step 1: The Birth of a Solar System explains how our Solar System first formed – including our young Earth with all of the ‘material’ for life – the micro-organisms, gases and chemicals.
  • Step 2: Friction at the Core Enables Life identifies the life force of the planet. And it’s all to do with the iron Core in the heart of the planet. I describe and provide evidence of how the Core of the Earth is rotating in the opposite direction to the mantle – creating friction. Friction is a powerful force – it produces heat, energy and magnetism which rises through the body of the planet and brings the material form in Step to life.
  • Step 3a: Punctuated Equilibria – Initiating Evolution explains evolution as a dynamic engineered procedure – like a catapult (see below). Step 3a describes the mechanism that initiates the event – the release of the spring: which is the ejection of the planet’s solid Core (due to the process of ‘differentiation’ – described in step 3a and very soon in this post).
  • Step 3b (this post) explains what happens next – the launch of the payload:
Catapult

Catapult

Without the Core, the planet is now lighter in weight, in mass – and is gravitationally pulled one orbit closer to the Sun. As I wrote earlier, evolution is purposeful engineered process within a structured and dynamic Solar System. It isn’t just our planet – the Earth – that ejects Her Core and moves one orbit closer to the Sun, but rather all of the planets work  together in one process, one over arching procedure – during what the Hopi call ‘Purification Time’. The only two planets that do not eject their Cores and move closer to the Sun are the planetary bodies in the first two orbits (currently Venus and Mercury). These two are drawn into the Sun to create energy. The diagram below illustrates the procedure.

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The diagram in the photo above illustrates the Sacred Path of Plantary Migration.

  • The first line of the diagram shows the Solar System in a state of ‘equilibrium’ – as we know it now, with the planets orbiting in set paths around the Sun.
  • The second line shows the coming ‘punctuation’ in equilibrium (Purification Time), when the planets eject their Cores (to become moons) and are gravitationally pulled one orbit closer to the Sun. During the next punctuation or Purification, our Earth will move into the second orbit (currently occupied by Venus). And our moon will move into the first orbit (currently occupied by Mercury).
  • During each Purification, the planet and moon in the first two orbits (currently Venus and Mercury) enter the Sun to create energy.
  • This procedure is repeated in regular intervals, as shown in the remaining lines of the diagram.

The migration of planets from the outer orbit towards the sun is compelled by two mechanisms – differentiation and gravity. The two act together to ensure a perpetual cyclical movement.

differentiationDifferentiation (see pic left)  means that the materials in a planet will separate into layers based on density: heavier elements will fall towards the Core and lighter elements will rise. Movement causes differentiation, imagine shaking a bucket containing different things, the heavy things will fall to the bottom. Our Earth is in constant motion – it rotates around its axis, orbits the Sun and flies through the galaxy. So the Core will continue to grow larger and larger. Eventually it becomes too large and heavy and is ejected. And like the release of the spring in a catapult, the payload – our planet – is then launched.

Gravity now pulls the lighter planet one orbit closer to the Sun. And once again the planet rotates about its axis causing differentiation to begin again.

Hence the notion of planetary migration as a cyclical pattern of perpetual motion – like the video below of John Wilkins’ perpetual motion machine, once the ball is put in motion, the set-up, using gravity and magnetism, ensures its perpetual cyclical movement.

The purpose of this system, described in the book as “The Sacred Path of Migration“, is the evolution of life from its raw materials to its final forms. The planets begin their existence in the outlying orbit of Pluto and move one orbit at a time to the position of Venus – our final destination on our evolutionary journey. During each orbital migration – or punctuation, or Purification – life on Earth evolves due to the excitation existing in our system during these times.

Quoting from Earth Mother Our Womb of Life:

When a planet makes a transition from one orbit to another, the newly evolved lifeforms are adapted to live in their new environments, closer to the sun. The sun acts as an incubator: as God’s creations draw nearer the sun, more heat and energy are released to them, and they are evolved to a higher form. This fits with the theory proposed by some scientists, based on the fossil record. This theory is known as Punctuated Equilibria: life remains fairly constant over long periods (equilibrium over the span of a given World-Age); then, relatively suddenly, life makes major evolutionary advances (the punctuation at the end of Purification Times).

In the previous post: Did Life Begin in the Icy Orbit of Pluto? I examine the argument and evidence and discover that scientists have long considered, and now seem to prefer the notion, that life began and evolved in very, very cold planetary conditions. In further posts I will examine in much greater detail the explanation of evolution given in the book. But first, in this post I want to explore the fundamental proposal that planets migrate orbit by orbit across the Solar System.

Mk's bk pg 19-20: Our Greatest Journey - Evolution

Mk’s bk pg 19-20: Our Greatest Journey – Evolution

IMG_1706

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 EVIDENCE

There is already a theory in science called Planetary Migration – it is not the same as I describe above, but it does attempt to explain the position of the planets and their orbits within our Solar System. I first wrote about the theory almost a year ago in a post called “A Systems Thinking Approach to Evolution“. I wrote it shortly after I received the July 2013 issue of National Geographic. In the magazine was an article entitled “It All Began in Chaos” and there I read the words that planetary migration was almost considered “a textbook idea“! Wow, I thought, we figured it out??

Our Wild Wild Solar System,  National Geographic July 2013

Our Wild Wild Solar System, National Geographic July 2013

“The notion of migrating planets came along at a time when planetary scientists were puzzled by several other features of the solar system… Astronomers had started to discover planets around other stars—and to radically expand their notions of what’s possible in a planetary system. Hundreds of extrasolar planets have now been detected. Some are in tightly bunched orbits, much closer together than the planets in our solar system. Some are Jupiter- or Neptune-size worlds that race on insanely hot orbits close to their suns. Others loop deep into space on weird trajectories—on average the orbits of extrasolar planets are more eccentric than those in our solar system. Some planets even float freely in interstellar space.

None of this is what you would expect from planets that were born in a spinning disk around a star and stayed quietly in their birthplace. That process should produce well-spaced, near-circular orbits, like the ones in the brass orreries. Clearly many planets had migrated…”

I felt elated. I didn’t expect to read the version I knew, but the notion that planets migrated systematically from one orbit to another would still be amazing. The theory of Planetary Migration is kind of like that – but then again, not.

“Clearly many planets had migrated, but smooth migrations didn’t seem to account for extreme orbits and late bombardments [when meteors "pounded Earth viciously"], at least not to Levison [Harold Levison, Southwest Research Institute]. He began to suspect that our solar system’s history had been anything but smooth—that it had somehow endured a “global gravitational instability,” as he now calls it…

This is not migration as we know it. “Migration” is being used as a metaphor – not an actuality. The current scientific theory of Planetary Migration does not view the movement of planets as part of  an organised system – but rather the result of spiraling disks of chaotic cosmic clutter reshuffling into new orbits. I was initially disappointed by this view but it’s to be expected. As I explain A Systems Thinking Approach to Evolution, it is a common feature in our scientific history that we see chaos in Nature until we recognise order. As the title of article indicates, scientists believe – “It All Began in Chaos“:

“Forecasting the solar system is like forecasting the weather. There’s so much randomness in the system, says theorist Greg Laughlin of the University of California, Santa Cruz, that the forecast—as well as any historical reconstruction—has to be given in probabilities.”

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Mk’s bk pg 130-131 – It All Began in Chaos? No, it is the Great Migration.
Two articles from National Geographic.

The current scientific theory should not be called Planetary Migration but instead it should be called Planetary Movement, because ‘migration’ does not imply chaos – but rather order, grand order. Using the words from (see pics above and below) National Geographic’s Nov 2010 article “Great Migrations” :

“Animal migration is a phenomenon far grander and more patterned than animal movement. It represents collective travel with long-deferred rewards. It suggests premeditation and epic willfulness, codified as inherited instinct… Driven at that moment by an instinctive sense of something we humans find admirable: larger purpose… larger purpose, as shaped by evolution.”

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Great Migrations apply to Planetary Migrations

The use of the metaphor ‘migration’ in our current scientific model implies something that is not true. It implies a system that is patently absent. I know I sound picky, but there’s a reason. As long as we use words that denote a system, then we start to believe it is a system – and we don’t look for a truly ‘systematic’ explanation. This is what I fear in regard to the explanation of our Solar System.

Presently we think the cosmos is just left over debris from the Big Bang. And we think our Solar System formed by violent calamity. The intricate, dynamic, ordered system of Nature that we know all around us on Earth, seems to end once we step off our planet and into space – or so science proposes. But what if, for a moment, we consider that Nature – as we know it – does extend beyond our planet. We once believed the cell was nothing more than a few chemicals in jelly – there was no order to the molecular world. But advancements in technology changed that incorrect belief. Perhaps the microscopic world of cellular order, also exists at the macro level our Solar System: “As below, so above.”

The video above demonstrates that order exists in Nature even where we cannot see it. As someone commented on the TED Talk page:

There are worlds inside of worlds inside of worlds all around us. So much happening all the time. It is a powerful and profound truth that most of us (me for sure) tend to forget.”

We don’t just forget it, we take the default position that order and complexity don’t exist at all in Nature until science reveals it. If this is the case, then shouldn’t we, at the very least, keep our minds open to the possibility of proper structure and order in our Solar System?

However, it is one thing to say “what if” and get lost in philosophical ponderings. That is not my intention. The whole point of these posts of is to offer (with evidence) a material, scientific and natural explanation to evolution – told so beautifully in the book Earth Mother Our Womb of Life. And that is what I intend to do in this post – offer evidence that the planets migrate in systematic order from the outlying orbit of Pluto towards the Sun.

Systems Thinking, from Wikipedia

Systems Thinking, from Wikipedia

The best way to show the validity – the truth – of a proposed system is to predict what will happen next. If it happens, there is reason to believe the system might be true. Therefore let’s apply that test. What is the next event predicted to happen?

The Earth and all of the other planets in our Solar System – excluding Venus and Mercury – will eject their Cores.

Is there evidence of the coming Purification Time?

Yes, there is. In fact the abundance of evidence is why I’m writing this blog – our Earth and all the other planets in our Solar System (excluding Venus and Mercury) are experiencing exactly what is predicted at Purification Time.

Mk’s bk pg 74-75 – Is the Earth in Labour? Evidence of Earth’s rotation slowing down.

Mk’s bk pg 74-75 – Is the Earth in Labour? Evidence of Earth’s rotation slowing down.

In the post Earth Changes: Purification Time – Is Our Earth in Labour? I give evidence of the following changes:

  • a sharp increase in number and intensity of earthquakes;
  • unexplained energy output from the Core;
  • a slowing down of the Earth’s rotation; and
  • a weakening of the Earth’s magnetic field.

There is more recent evidence of great geological unrest. The video below shows global seismic activity for 30 days between March and April 2014. And note there were nineteen 6.0M+ earthquakes, seven 7.0M+ earthquakes and two 8.0M+ events!! This is an incredible amount of earthquakes! Please have a look at the video below for more detail.

In the post The Weddell Sea in Antarctica: The Earth’s Yoni, I give evidence of the warming of the deep waters of the Weddell Sea – where the Earth’s Core is predicted to emerge – and explain how these changes are causing global climactic instability.

Mk's bk pg 30-31: Weddell Sea - Earth's Yoni

Mk’s bk pg 30-31: The Weddell Sea – Earth’s Yoni

Since writing that post last year the West Antarctic ice sheet has become even more unstable. On 12 May 2014  a news story broke from NASA – The “Unstable” West Antarctic Ice Sheet:

“The new finding that the eventual loss of a major section of West Antarctica’s ice sheet “appears unstoppable” was not completely unexpected by scientists who study this area. The study, led by glaciologist Eric Rignot at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, and the University of California, Irvine, follows decades of research and theory suggesting the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is inherently vulnerable to change.”

The video below by NASA explains the recent finding of unstable conditions in Antarctica:

And yet another recent news story caught my eye (see pic below) from the Times 11 May 2014 – Antarctic Ice threatened by undersea volcano!

“Antarctica’s ice sheets may face a far more imminent threat than climate change: scientists have found a new volcano forming a mile under the ice, which is threatening a full eruption. The volcano seems to be part of a much bigger volcanic system that is generating earthquakes and releasing heat into the ice above.

The scientists believe the activity is caused by a volcanic hotspot – a giant blob of superheated rock rising from deep within the Earth. It could mean the area is a rift zone, where the Earth’s tectonic plates are pulling apart…

There are six giant glaciers in West Antarctica, with evidence suggesting they are all flowing much faster than in the past, releasing 77% more water a year than in 1973. The causes are not understood but scientists say climate change is a likely factor.”

The Times 11 May 2014 - Antarctic ice threatened by undersea volcano

The Times 11 May 2014 – Antarctic ice threatened by undersea volcano

Our Earth is going through great change, but scientists tend to view the Earth as a constant. Therefore any changes must come from a different source – namely man. However this explanation cannot account for changes beyond man’s control – great earthquake clusters, volcanic eruptions, the weakening magnetic field and planetary rotation slowing down. Nor can man-made climate change models account for disturbances on other planets.

In the post A Systems Thinking Approach to Evolution, I provide linked articles which show that the changes we are experiencing on Earth are also happening on Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.

Jupiter’s Atmosphere Experiencing Large Scale Changes - Images in the visible-light and infrared parts of the spectrum highlight the massive changes roiling the atmosphere of Jupiter. In the visible-light images on the left that were obtained by amateur astronomers, Jupiter can be seen “losing” a brown-colored belt south of the equator called the South Equatorial Belt (SEB) from 2009 to 2010. This belt returns in 2011 and is still present in 2012. From 2011 to January 2012, a belt north of the equator known as the North Equatorial Belt (NEB) can be seen to be thinning out. In 2011, it whitened to an extent not seen in over a century. In March 2012, after the last picture in this series was taken, the northern belt began to darken again. Scientists compared the visible-light data to data obtained in infrared wavelengths of 4.78 and 8.7 microns (middle and right columns), which show progressively deeper levels in the Jovian atmosphere. Image credit: NASA/IRTF/JPL-Caltech/NAOJ/A. Wesley/A. Kazemoto/C. Go

Jupiter’s Atmosphere Experiencing Large Scale Changes – Images in the visible-light and infrared parts of the spectrum highlight the massive changes roiling the atmosphere of Jupiter. In the visible-light images on the left that were obtained by amateur astronomers, Jupiter can be seen “losing” a brown-colored belt south of the equator called the South Equatorial Belt (SEB) from 2009 to 2010. This belt returns in 2011 and is still present in 2012. From 2011 to January 2012, a belt north of the equator known as the North Equatorial Belt (NEB) can be seen to be thinning out. In 2011, it whitened to an extent not seen in over a century. In March 2012, after the last picture in this series was taken, the northern belt began to darken again. Scientists compared the visible-light data to data obtained in infrared wavelengths of 4.78 and 8.7 microns (middle and right columns), which show progressively deeper levels in the Jovian atmosphere.
Image credit: NASA/IRTF/JPL-Caltech/NAOJ/A. Wesley/A. Kazemoto/C. Go

All the information above should certainly give us pause to think. Is man the cause of all this change? Perhaps the notion that the Earth might birth its Core is so unusual that science could not consider it. But science has considered this idea – it is not new. As I explained right back in the post Evolution in 4 Easy Steps – everything I’m writing has been discovered, science has identified all of the pieces of the puzzle. And so too with the Earth birthing Her Core.

In an earlier post New Scientist: The Day the Earth Birthed its Core, I discuss an article in the 6 July 2013 issue of the New Scientist magazine entitled “Tick tick boom, the Earth spits out a moon” which puts forth the proposal that the moon was once part of the Earth and somehow got blasted into space. The article examines the proposal and the evidence. The author interviews planetary scientists and cosmo-chemists and arrives at the conclusion that it is possible, even plausible – the Earth could have ejected Her Core.

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Mk’s bk pg 137-137 – The Day the Earth Birthed its Core, 6 July 2013 New Scientist magazine

Quoting from Earth Mother Our Womb of Life and the Coming New Heaven (and the clue is in the title):

It’s important to realize the Great Spirit has designed the universe with purpose informing its movements and cycles. We are part of the universe, part of Nature’s evolutionary cycles. According to this universal plan, we are advancing in awareness and body— an evolved brain in an evolved body – finally receiving our perfected forms in the Fifth World [Venus]. Accordingly, it is best for us not to devalue or reject the universe, looking to mystically transcend it. But rather to realize that we are part of creation, and to trust where Nature is carrying us according to the great designer of it all.

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