Is Mercury a Moon?

Mercury

Mercury

Our Moon

Our Moon

Not just any moon, but is Mercury a moon from the 3rd orbit (like ours)
that migrated to the 1st orbit?

The movement of the moon from the 3rd orbit to the 1st orbit is part of a ‘migratory’ explanation to the formation of Solar System and the evolution of life – described in the previous post: “Step 3b: The Sacred Path of Planetary Migration – Evolution Realised“. And of course explained so beautifully in the book: Earth Mother Our Womb of Life.

I want to look at different parts of the proposal. In the post “Did Life Begin in the Icy Orbit of Pluto?” I examined what the title says – did life begin out near Pluto? – the first stop on our journey of evolution. I found that scientists support the idea that life began and evolved in very cold conditions, that do not exist presently on Earth. I found that paleontologists and evolutionary scientists believe the Earth was once a ‘snowball’ and have collected evidence in support of the theory. I also discovered that Pluto is not:  

“just an over sized snowball, but a dramatically dynamic world.” ~ Marc Buie, astronomer Southwest Research Institute

As Alan Stern, principal investigator of the New Horizons (the unmanned Pluto-Kuiper Belt probe) said:

“No one predicted river valleys on Mars, or volcanoes on the Galilean satellites, or that Mercury was mostly a core and little else. It’s entirely likely that Pluto will be something so surprising that everything we’ve done so far looks quaint in comparison.”

In this post I want to skip to the end of the proposed evolutionary journey and explore Mercury.

The video above, from NASA, shows Mercury’s south polar region.  Mercury not only looks like our moon, but also shares more similarities with our moon than any of the planets in our Solar System, including: Continue reading

Step 3b: The Sacred Path of Planetary Migration – Evolution Realised

Evolution in 4 Easy Steps describes the formation of our Solar System, the planets and the evolution of life as a cyclical, purposeful system in Nature:

  • Step 1: The Birth of a Solar System explains how our Solar System first formed – including our young Earth with all of the ‘material’ for life – the micro-organisms, gases and chemicals.
  • Step 2: Friction at the Core Enables Life identifies the life force of the planet. And it’s all to do with the iron Core in the heart of the planet. I describe and provide evidence of how the Core of the Earth is rotating in the opposite direction to the mantle – creating friction. Friction is a powerful force – it produces heat, energy and magnetism which rises through the body of the planet and brings the material form in Step to life.
  • Step 3a: Punctuated Equilibria – Initiating Evolution explains evolution as a dynamic engineered procedure – like a catapult (see below). Step 3a describes the mechanism that initiates the event – the release of the spring: which is the ejection of the planet’s solid Core (due to the process of ‘differentiation’ – described in step 3a and very soon in this post).
  • Step 3b (this post) explains what happens next – the launch of the payload:
Catapult

Catapult

Without the Core, the planet is now lighter in weight, in mass – and is gravitationally pulled one orbit closer to the Sun. As I wrote earlier, evolution is purposeful engineered process within a structured and dynamic Solar System. It isn’t just our planet – the Earth – that ejects Her Core and moves one orbit closer to the Sun, but rather all of the planets work  together in one process, one over arching procedure – during what the Hopi call ‘Purification Time’. The only two planets that do not eject their Cores and move closer to the Sun are the planetary bodies in the first two orbits (currently Venus and Mercury). These two are drawn into the Sun to create energy. The diagram below illustrates the procedure.

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The diagram in the photo above illustrates the Sacred Path of Plantary Migration.

  • The first line of the diagram shows the Solar System in a state of ‘equilibrium’ – as we know it now, with the planets orbiting in set paths around the Sun.
  • The second line shows the coming ‘punctuation’ in equilibrium (Purification Time), when the planets eject their Cores (to become moons) and are gravitationally pulled one orbit closer to the Sun. During the next punctuation or Purification, our Earth will move into the second orbit (currently occupied by Venus). And our moon will move into the first orbit (currently occupied by Mercury).
  • During each Purification, the planet and moon in the first two orbits (currently Venus and Mercury) enter the Sun to create energy.
  • This procedure is repeated in regular intervals, as shown in the remaining lines of the diagram.

Continue reading

Did Life Begin in the Icy Orbit of Pluto?

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“You could say that the universe is in the business of making life – or that God is an organic chemist.”
~ Dr. Cyril Ponnamperuma, “Seeds of Life”, Omni Magazine Interview, 1983

Evolution in 4 Easy Steps explains a 4 step process to the formation of our Solar System and the evolution of all life in it. It’s procedural, progressive and defined – one thing happens which triggers the next, which triggers the next, and triggers the next and so on and so forth. It is a very specific plan – like the development of a child in the womb follows a very specific plan, so does the evolution of life. No meteor strikes, no mutations in DNA, no arbitrary nada. And it all kicks off in the orbit of Pluto.

Quoting from Earth Mother Our Womb of Life:

On July 21, 1986, more than 260 scientists from over 20 nations gathered in California to discuss the origin of life on Earth. Dr. Cyril Ponnamperuma, director of the chemical evolution laboratory of the University of Maryland, expressed the opinion of everyone present when he said, “… The processes which led to life on Earth must have started elsewhere in the universe…”

It is common knowledge that the conditions prevailing in the Earth’s present position (approximately 149 ½ million km. from the sun) are unsuitable for the formation of life. Any search for the origins of humanity has to look for a place with much colder conditions, and with an atmosphere of hydrogen and hydrogen compounds. The most plausible explanation is that terrestrial life is a phenomenon which originated in an outlying orbit of the Solar System, where microorganisms were gathered by the convolutions of the Earth and packed into hard ice – conditions perfect for the preservation of organic material.

Did life begin in the icy orbit of Pluto?

Screenshot of the BBC webpage on Snowball Earth, which include a number of explanatory videos.

Screenshot of the BBC webpage on Snowball Earth, which includes a number of explanatory videos.

dropstone NamibiaThere is a very interesting theory knocking about that Earth was once covered in ice, known as “Snowball Earth“. I don’t know who originated the theory – different sources claim different authorship, but certainly the work of geologists Paul Hoffman and Dan Schrag contributed significantly. They found ‘dropstones’ in Namibia, Africa. Dropstones are rocks and boulders believed to be dropped into sediment from icebergs. The fact that so many are found in the hot dry deserts of Namibia led them to propose an ice-age existed which extended as far south as the equator. Since its initial proposal Snowball Earth has gained substantial evidential support. There is a dedicated website by the U.S. National Science Foundation (Geology & Paleontology Division) which explores the theory: Snowballearth.org

Why is it interesting? Because this it the time when the first life forms are thought to have evolved. An informative and fascinating article in Discover Magazine, February 2008, entitled: Did Life Evolve in Ice? brings together the work of chemists, physicists and astro-biologists who all arrived independently at the notion that the “funky properties of frozen water may have made life possible.

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The Mystery of the Appearing Turtle

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Mk’s bk pg 124-125 – The Mystery of the Appearing Turtle

The turtle is a mystery of evolution. Its body shape first appears in the fossil record fully formed. But how? If life evolves in small incremental steps where are all the fossils showing the development of the turtle? Quoting from the textbook ‘Explore Evolution:

A fossil of one of the world's oldest-known turtle shells with a limb bone discovered in clay deposit northwest of Krakow. Credit: PhysOrg Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-world-oldest-turtle-shells.html#jCp

A fossil of one of the world’s oldest-known turtle shells with a limb bone discovered in clay deposit northwest of Krakow. Credit: Phys.org

“The very first time turtles appear, their body plan is already fully developed, and they appear in the fossil record without intermediates. Furthermore, turtle and tortoise shells contain more than 50 bony “scutes” that appear in no other vertebrate order, nor anywhere else in the fossil record. What’s more, the turtle scapula is positioned underneath its ribs and scutes, unlike any living or fossilised vertebrate. Scott Gilbert, an evolutionary biologist who works on this puzzle, says that “the turtle shell represents a classic evolutionary problem: the appearance of a major structural adaptation”. According to Gilbert, this problem is made even more difficult by “the ‘instantaneous’ appearance of this evolutionary novelty.” Because “the distinctive morphology [form and structure] of the turtle appears to have arisen suddenly.” Gilbert and his colleagues argue that evolution needs “to explain the rapid origin of the turtle carapace [shell].” They are studying turtle embryology to investigate how this might have happened.

In Mike’s book I included a 2013 newspaper article from the Times. When I first saw it, I read with great interest thinking that the title was true: “At last, the hard facts on how the turtle got its shell“. But I was disappointed. Nowhere in the article does it say how the turtle got its shell. The article starts its explanation with a fully formed shell – without saying how it formed. Instead the article focuses on the next steps in the turtle’s evolutionary journey.

Excerpt from "At last, the hard facts on how the turtle got its shell" The Times 31 May 2013

Excerpt from “At last, the hard facts on how the turtle got its shell” The Times 31 May 2013

However the conclusion of the article did not disappoint:

“The team also revealed that the sequence of evolutionary events resembles the steps seen as turtle embryos develop their shells. It might not be the solution that Kipling would have dreamt up, but as Dr. Lyson [paleontologist Yale University and the Smithsonian] said: “The development data and the fossil record now align and are pointing towards the same answer.” ‘

The turtle’s evolutionary cycle resembles its embryonic growth cycle! This is an important realisation, yet I don’t think the author of the Times article or the very scientists studying the fossils grasp the implications. Even those who wrote the ‘Explore Evolution’ textbook, which is basically a criticism of Darwin’s theory, show a lack of understanding of what they are saying (see the highlighted sentence in the opening quote of this post).

Nature does not develop the embryo of turtle (or any other biological life form) through random steps or mutations. All life follows specific growth ‘plans’. This is the way Nature works for all life. Yet we choose to explain the evolution of life as a arbitrary process compelled by meteor strikes and mutations in DNA. Call this what you will – but don’t call it Nature. Continue reading

Step 3a: Punctuated Equilibria – Initiating Evolution

Mikes bk pg106 - 107

Mk’s bk pg 106-107 – Chapter 3, Earth Mother Our Womb of Life

Evolution in 4 Easy Steps describes the formation of our Solar System, the planets and the evolution of life from its raw materials to its final forms as a cyclical system in Nature.

  • Step 1: The Birth of a Solar System & ALMA images show how the planets first form out of a Nebula, and how our young Earth contained all the ‘material’ for life – the micro-organisms, gases and chemicals.
  • Step 2: Friction at the Core & Magnetism – Earth’s Guiding Force explain and provide evidence of how the Core of the Earth, an iron ball the size of our moon, is rotating in the opposite direction to the mantle creating friction. Friction creates heat, energy and magnetism rising up through the body of the planet to ‘animate’ – bring to life – the biology of Earth.

Now we are at Step 3 which tackles evolution. I’ve divided Step 3 into 2 parts (3a and 3b) because evolution is a dynamic event: 3a describes the mechanism that initiates the event and 3b describes what happens next. A bit like a catapult – 3a describes the release the spring, and 3b describes the launch of the payload. This is Step 3a:

Catapult

The physics of a catapult

Quoting from Earth Mother Our Womb of Life:

Present day ideas about evolution arise from those of Charles Darwin, who envisioned many, small transitional changes in organisms, with off spring varying slightly from their parents. As a small change proved advantageous, it was implemented. As later changes brought further improvements for survival and reproduction, they were carried into future generations. However, all efforts to trace the origin of man are dependent upon a fossil record which is unable to provide an unbroken series of transitional forms. Rather than supporting an unbroken pattern of development, fossil evidence strengthens the case for punctuated equilibria.

I love that quote – it’s succinct and true. Our fossil record doesn’t match our explanation for evolution. The quote below from the textbook: “Explore Evolution” explains how “punctuated equilibria” (or equilibrium) came about:

“Many paleontologists are well aware of the conflict between the fossil record and neo-Darwinian theory [Darwin's theory is now known as ne0-Darwinism since the inclusion of genetics]. In the traditional view, the fossil record was always to blame for the missing pieces of the evolutionary puzzle. Darwin, himself, had said the fossil record was ” woefully incomplete”.

By the early 1970s, some scientists including paleontologists Niles Eldredge and the late Stephen Jay Gould, began to become dissatisfied with this explanation. “We paleontologists,” wrote Eldredge, “have said that the history of life supports that interpretation [of gradual adaptive change], all the while really knowing that it does not.”punctuated_snails8

Eldredge and Gould decided to take a different approach. Instead of blaming the fossil record, they accepted the fossil data at face value. They agreed that the fossil record really does show many groups of organisms appearing abruptly, continuing for millions of years and then going extinct. “Stasis is data,” they insisted. Eldredge and Gould advocated a new evolutionary theory, called “punctuated equilibrium”.”

“Punctuated equilibria” means that evolution takes place in a series of sudden and repeated changes. According to punctuated equilibria, our solar system is the scene of regular changes, where long periods of equilibrium (relative uniformity) are interrupted by brief periods of excitation (punctuation). This throws a very different light on evolution.

“Punctuated Equilibrium was immediately attractive to many paleontologists because it described the fossil record more accurately than neo-Darwinism had done. However, many critics of the theory pointed out that punctuated equilibrium has never explained how the major changes recorded in the fossil record could have taken place in such a short time.”

The last sentence is important – although punctuated equilibria (or equilibrium) matched the fossil record, it proved problematic because:

  • a) paleontologists could not provide an explanation for the punctuations; and
  • b) how could life evolve so dramatically and so quickly after the punctuations?

In this post (Step 3a) I’m going to tackle the first problem and in Step 3b I’ll tackle the next.

Mk's bk pg 116-117 - The end is nigh

Mk’s bk pg 116-117 – The end is nigh – iridium marks evolutionary jumps.

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